THE POOR LAW
During the years the Townland Valuation was
being conducted, an alarming increase in the number of people in Ireland unable to support
themselves was evident to civil authorities and religious leaders.
Parliament legislated an Act in 1838.
This Act declared that relief was to be provided within a Workhouse system. The legislations
called for the country to be divided into administrative districts known as
Poor Law Unions, each to be a geographical joining of townlands within ten miles of a large market town
in which the Workhouse was to be located.
Boundaries of unions often crossed county,
barony and civil parish lines, they did not, however, intersect townland
boundaries. The admission ticket into the Poor Law Union Workhouse required the
Children under 15,
Married, divorced, widowed, etc.,
Last time in a workhouse, time you left home,
Names and callings of relations,
Last residence, and how long.
Electoral division, townland, date.