Fermanagh Friends: Contents
Fermanagh Friends: Surnames
Fermanagh Friends: Searches
Fermanagh Friends: Cemeteries
Fermanagh Friends: Surveys
Fermanagh Friends: Emigration
Fermanagh Friends: Families

Fermanagh Friends: Miscellany
Fermanagh Friends: Wills
Fermanagh Gold Introduction
 
LAND VALUATIONS

BACKGROUND
Some background information to the land valuations has been contributed by William Flanagan.

ACREAGE
Land was measured by statue acre, rood & perch; a statute acre contained 4840 sq yards reguardless of its shape, a rood was one- quarter of an acre of 1210 sq yards, a perch was one-fortieth of a rood containing thirty (30) sq yards.

COUNTY CESS
A local tax levied on the occupiers of land (Owner and tenant) to finance the operation of the grand jury.

TOWNLAND
These are small areas of land such as family farms or a group of farms. The Townland is the smallest of the administrative divisions. The average townland size is 350 acres - the smallest townland is a little over an acre while the largest is over 7,000 acres. Townlands frequently take their name from physical characteristics of the area, from ruins of churches or forts, and from clan names.

The Published Townland Valuation for county Fermanagh was released in 1840.

The Tenement Valuation for county Fermanagh was completed between 1861-July 4, 1863.

BOUNDARIES
The boundaries of parishes are always boundaries of townlands; that is to say, one townland cannot be contained in two parishes; It sometimes happens that an estate may lie on both sides of the boundary of a parish, and that the townland in each parish is called by the same name, and is considered to be one townland, but in such cases I have always divided the townland, and added the word (Upper or Lower, East or West) to the original name, to serve to distinguish them.

As each parish will be separately assessed, it is necessary that no confusion should arise as to the boundaries of any denomination or division belonging to it, consequently in all cases the boundary of a parish must likewise be the boundary of a townland as far as that parish or the county assessment is concerned.

This statement clears up a misunderstanding of separate places/townlands named upper/lower, east/west. i.e. one townland, one parish, but in different estates for tax purposes.

OCCUPIERS
Often the laborer paid his rent by working on the landlord's land at 5 to 6 pence a day rather than paying with hard cash.

Five acres or less of inferior soil were rented to these occupiers to raise food for their families, since landlords were often unwilling to let good
land to a laborer

An occupier holding between five and thirty acres was considered to be a "small" or "medium" farmer who usually paid his rent in cash. Small farmers frequently rented "from Year to Year", while medium farmers often had a lease for better quality land.

An occupier who held thirty or more acres was a "strong" farmer or grazer of livestock who held a favorable lease on the land.

The majority of leases for a stated period of time were either for thirty-one years or a "lease of lives". A lease of lives set its length by the number of years remaining in the lives of three individuals named in the lease and agreed upon by the landlord and the tenant. Although not required, the three lives usually included the lessee, his youngest child and a third person. It was not unheard of for the third person to be the reigning monarch or a royal child. The lease remained in force and the rent
agreement unchanged until the death of the last person named.

UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Explanation about the different units of measurement used in various land valuations HERE