Fermanagh Gold Introduction
 
INTRODUCTION TO ENNISKILLEN
Lowe's Directory 1880

Enniskillen the capital of Fermanagh, is situate in the baronies of Tyrkennedy and Magheraboy. The principal portion of the town is built on an island which divides Upper and Lower Lake Erne. At the time of the Plantation of Ulster, James I, granted the town to William Cole, Esq, and his heirs for ever, for the purpose amongst others of planting it with English and Scotch settlers. In the Rebellion of 1841, the town was ably defended against the Irish Army by its founder, who was then Sir William Cole. It also played a prominent part in the wars of 1689 and 1690. The corporation which existed under the grant of James, by the title of "Portrieve Free Burgesses and Commonalty of Enniskillen", of whom Sir William Cole was the first provost, became dissolved by Act of Parliament, and the property vested in Town Commissioners, who became incorporated under the Act of 9th of George IV. It was also constituted a Parliamentary Borough under the original grant, and still continues to send a member to Parliament, the present representative is Viscount Crichton, M.P., one of the Lords of the Treasury. 

The town during the last twenty years has been considerably improved, both in its appearance and sanitary conditoin by its Town Commissioners, and the arrangements as to water supply, cleansing the town, etc, are at present superior to those of any provincial town in the north of Ireland, and reflect the greatest possible credit on the Commissioners and their Officers. Considerable additions have also been made to the number of buildings, dwelling-houses, etc, particularly in the direction of the Markets, and in Paget and Eden Street, which have been almost altogether rebuilt by the Earl of Enniskillen. The late Mr John Collum also aided very considerably in the improvement of the town. The town at once strikes a stranger by the peculiarity of its position, and beauty of its surroundings. You enter it by a bridge, and after passing through its principal thoroughfare, you may take your departure by passing over another bridge, distant from the former about an English mile. 

The town is distant from Dublin, by rail, 120 miles, and is one of the principal stations on the Great Northern Line, between Dublin and Derry. A new line, the Sligo, Leitrim, and Northern Counties Railway, has recently been opened for traffic, from the terminus at Enniskillen as far as Belcoo, when complete it will connnect Enniskillen with Sligo, and will be of great advantage to the development of trade. 

The population in 1871, was 5,836 inhabiting 943 houses. Two newspapers are in town, the Fermanagh Mail, published every Monday and Thursday, is a high desirable medium for advertising; and the Impartial reporter, which is published every Thursday. 

The public buildings are the Episcopalian Church, Roman Catholic Church, Presbyterian and Methodist Meeting Houses, Courthouse, Prison, Infirmary, Town and protestant Halls, Portora Royal, the Nationals (Abbey and Mart St.), Model, Convent, Christian, Brothers' and Erasmus Smyth's Schools; the Provincial, Ulster, Belfast, Hibernian, and Savings Banks; the Brewery, Spool Mill, Union Workhouse, 3 Military and 2 Constabulary Barracks.

The spacious room on the ground floor of the Townhall was opened on Thursday, 6th November last, as a Public Reading Room, and is supplied with the leading daily and weekly papers, periodicals etc, affording every comfort and facility for self-improvement. The portion now standing of the ancient Castle of Enniskillen, forms part of one of the Military Barracks. It is a very ancient structure, and is mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters as having been given up, in 1459 to Donnall Ballagh Maguire, one of the ancient Lords of Fermanagh.


TRADERS:

All traders in Lowe's Directory have been entered into the database. The unique names are:

Alexander, Arnold, Bagot, Beatty, Bell, Benson, Black, Blair, Blakely, Boland, Boyd, Boylan, Boyle, Bradshaw, Brady, Brannon, Brown, Burgess, Campbell, Carlton, Carroll, Carson, Cary, Cassidy, Cavanagh, Chittick, Clancy, Clarke, Clegg, Cleland, Coalter, Colhoun, Cooney, Cooper, Corrigan, Cox, Creden, Creggan, Cromley, Crowder, Crowe, Crozier, Cullen, Curren, Darragh, Dewane, Dick, Doherty, Donnelly, Drum, Duffy, Dundas, Dwyer, Elliott, Ferguson, Frith, Galt, Gamble, Gibson, Gillan, Gillespie, Gillon, Goddard, Gonigle, Gordon, Graham, Greer, Gregg, Gresham, Gunning, Hacket, Hamilton, Haren, Harper, Harvey, Hearne, Henderson, Hughes, Irvine, Irwin, Johnston, Jones, Jordan, Kenny, Keown, Ker, Keys, Kyle, Latimer, Law, Lemon, Lindsay, Little, Loretto, Lowe, Lowery, Lowry, Lunham, Maclatchy, Macniffe, Magrath, Maguire, Martin, Maxwell, Mayers, M'Bride, M'Brien, M'Caffrey, M'Clean, M'Donnell, M'Elgunn, M'Gaw, M'Gorty, M'Grath, M'Grory, Mitchell, M'Keague, M'Kenna, M'Keown, M'Meel, M'Mullan, M'Namee, M'Neill, M'Nulty, Molyneux, Monaghan, Moreton, Morrison, Muldoon, Mulhern, Mulligan, Murphy, Murray, Nelson, Noble, Oats, O'Brien, O'Leary, Orr, Parkinson, Plews, Plunket, Plunkett, Polson, Pratt, Quinton, Rafferty, Reilly, Rice, Richards, Roberts, Robinson, Scollan, Shannon, Slavin, Smith, Steel, Stewart, Sullivan, Teele, Ternan, Tickle, Trimble, Verner, Wadsworth, Wallace, Walsh, Weaver, White, Whiteside Dane, Whitley, Williams, Willis, Wilson, Wray, Wylie.

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